Problema Kesulitan Siswa Sekolah Dasar dalam Pembelajaran Geometri

  • Eka Rahayu Universitas Islam Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo
Keywords: Learning Geometry, Student Difficulties, Concrete Objects

Abstract

This study aims to find out how the difficulties that are often experienced by elementary school students in learning geometry. The research approach used is qualitative approach with descriptive research type. The subjects of this study were the teacher of Tunjung Sekar 2 School of Malang. Data collection techniques are done by interviewing teachers related to student difficulties and solutions that teacher do to overcome it. Data analysis was done by describing the interview result. The results of the study found that students have difficulties in multiplication and division, geometry and problem-shaped concepts. Actions undertaken by teachers to overcome student difficulties include learning is done by confronting students on concrete objects and make students experience themselves. In addition students are given enrichment for those who already understand and remidi for students who do not understand, cooperate with parents and before going to class in the morning held literacy and memorize multiplication. The average student's mathematical achievement has increased after several solutions have been applied.

References

Alattin, Ural. “Investigating 11th Grade Students ’ Van -Hiele Level 2 Geometrical Thinking.” Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) 21, no. 12 (2016): 13–19. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-2112061319.

Angateeah, Khemduth Singh. “An Investigation of Students ’ Difficulties in Solving Non-Routine Word Problem at Lower Secondary.” International Journal of Learning and Teaching 3, no. 1 (2017): 46–50. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijlt.3.1.46-50.

Asiedu, Samuel, Charles K Assuah, and Yarhands Dissou. “Triangular Law of Students ’ Mathematics Interest in Ghana : A Model with Motivation and Perception as Predictor” 12, no. 5 (2017): 539–48.

Ayu, Mahayukti, I M Candiasa, N Dantes, and A A I N Marhaeni. “The Effect of Interaction between The Form of Formative Assessment and Learning Autonomy on Learning by Controlling Mathematical Logical Intelligence.” Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research 134, no. 2 (2017): 86–91.

Chirume, Silvanos. “How Does the Use of Mathematical Symbols Influence Understanding of Mathematical Concepts by Secondary School Students ?” International J. Soc. Sci. & Education 3, no. 1 (2012): 35–46.

Chukwuyenum, Asuai Nelson. “Impact of Critical Thinking on Performance in Mathematics among Senior Secondary School Students in Lagos State.” Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) 3, no. 5 (2013): 18–25.

Erbas, Kursat Ayhan, and Aydogan Arzu Yenmez. “The Effect of Inquiry-Based Explorations in a Dynamic Geometry Environment on Sixth Grade Students ’ Achievements in Polygons.” Computers & Education 57, no. 4 (2011): 2462–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.07.002.

Hariyati, N. R., & Syakur, A. (2018). Penerapan Strategi Membaca Kritis di Akademi Farmasi Surabaya untuk Menunjang Kecakapan Literasi Menuju Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional & Internasional (Vol. 1, No. 1).

Idris, Noraini. “The Impact of Using Geometers ’ Sketchpad on Malaysian Students ’ Achievement and Van Hiele Geometric Thinking.” Journal of Mathematics Education 2, no. 2 (2009): 94–107.

Karim, Asrul. “Penerapan Metode Penemuan Terbimbing Dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Dan Kemampuan Berfikir Kritis Siswa Sekolah Dasar.” Edisi Khusus no. 1 (2011): 21–32.

Katmini, K., & Syakur, A. (2020). Pola Asuh Orang Tua Otoriter dengan Kemampuan Activities Of Daily Living (ADL) pada Anak Retardasi Mental Usia 6-12 Tahun di SLB Yayasan Putra Asih Kediri Tahun 2018. Briliant: Jurnal Riset dan Konseptual, 5(1), 163-171.

Kurniawan, A., & Syakur, A. (2017). The Correlation of Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual of Intelligence to Effectiveness Principals of Leadership. International Journal of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 2(1), 1-9.

Lestari, W., Selvia, F., & Layliyyah, R. (2019). Pendekatan Open-ended Terhadap Kemampuan Metakognitif Siswa. At-Ta'lim: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5(2), 184-197.

Lestari, W., Pratama, L. D., & Jailani, J. (2018). Implementasi Pendekatan Saintifik Setting Kooperatif Tipe STAD Terhadap Motivasi Belajar Dan Prestasi Belajar Matematika. AKSIOMA: Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika, 9(1), 29-36.

Lestari, W. (2018). Enhancing an Ability Mathematical Reasoning through Metacognitive Strategies. JPhCS, 1097(1), 012117.

Lestari, W., Pratama, L. D., & Hidayatillah, W. (2020). Persepsi Guru dan Siswa Tentang Penggunaan Media Edutainment di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika RAFA, 6(2), 109-122.

Ningsih, A., Sabat, Y., & Syakur, A. (2014). Comic Strips as Media to Develop Student’s Writing Ability in Composing Recount Text for The Tenth Graders of SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Sidoarjo (Komik Strips Sebagai Media Untuk Mengembangakan Kemampuan Menulis Siswa Dalam Mengarang Teks Recount. English Education, 2(2).

Nur’aeni, Epon. “Pengembangan Kemampuan Komunikasi Geometris SIswa Sekolah Dasar Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Teori Van Hiele.” Jurnal Saung Guru 1, no. 2 (2010): 28–34.

Pratama, L. D., Lestari, W., & Bahauddin, A. (2019). Game Edukasi: Apakah membuat belajar lebih menarik?. At-Ta'lim: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5(1), 39-50.

Pratama, L. D., Lestari, W., & Astutik, I. (2020). Efektifitas Penggunaan Media Edutainment Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. AKSIOMA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, 9(2).

Pratama, L. D., & Lestari, W. (2020). Pengaruh Pelatihan Terhadap Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Matematika. Jurnal Cendekia: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 4(1), 278-285.

Pratama, L. D., & Lestari, W. (2017). Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Performance Task. In Seminar Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika UNY (pp. 415-420).

Pratama, L. D., & Lestari, W. (2017, September). Eksplorasi Etnomatematika Petani dalam Lingkup Masyarakat Jawa. In SENATIK 2017.

Rahmania, I., Budiono, B., Soenaryo, S. F., Syakur, A., & Tinus, A. (2020). Implementation of Internal Quality Guarantee System to Increase the Quality of Education in Junior High School 21 Malang. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(1), 421-432.

Riyanto, Widodo Dwi, and Gunarhadi. “The Effectiveness of Interactive Multimedia in Mathematic Learning. (Utilizing Power Points for Students with Learning Disability).” International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education (IJPTE) 1, no. 1 (2017): 55–63.

Ruhyana. “Analisis Kesulitan Siswa Dalam Pemecahan Masalah Matematika.” Jurnal Computech & Bisnis 10, no. 2 (2016): 106–18.

Safitri, Meilani, Yusuf Hartono, and Somakim. “Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Matematika Pokok Bahasan Segitiga Menggunakan Macromedia Flash Untuk Siswa Kelas VII SMP.” Jurnal Pendidikan 14, no. 2 (2013): 62–72.

Safrina, K, M Ikhsan, and A Ahmad. “Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Geometri Melalui Pembelajaran Kooperatif Berbasis Teori Van Hiele.” Jurnal Didaktik Matematika 1, no. 1 (2014): 9–20.

Sulam, K., Syakur, A., & Musyarofah, L. (2019). THE IMPLEMENTATION OF 21 ST CENTURY SKILLS AS THE NEW LEARNING PARADIGM TO THE RESULT OF STUDENT’S CAREER AND LIFE SKILLS. Magister Scientiae, 2(46), 228-237.

Surya, Edy, Jozua Sabandar, Y Kusumah, and Darhim. “Improving of Junior High School Visual Thinking Representation Ability in Mathematical Problem Solving by CTL.” IndoMS.J.M.E 4, no. 1 (2013): 113–26.

Syakur, A. (2014). Analisis Dialek Lokal Sebagai Penanda Identitas Lokal Individu (Studiinterlanguage Mahasiswa Di Ilmu Administrasi Negara Stisospol “Waskita Dharma” Malang). JAMAK, 1(1), 14-18.

Syakur, A., & Rakhmawati, Y. (2014). An Error Analysis Of Using Simple Present Tense in Descriptive Writing Text Among The Eight Grade Students of SMP IT Baitul Ulum Tempel Gempol. English Education, 3(1).

Syakur, A. (2015). Developing ESP Instructional Materials for Undergraduate Students of International Economic Departments in State Brawijaya University of Malang. Jurnal Edukasi, 1.

Syakur, A. (2017). Education For Sustainable Development (ESD) Sebagai Respon dari Isu Tantangan Global Melalui Pendidikan Berkarakter dan Berwawasan Lingkungan yang Diterapkan pada Sekolah Dasar, Sekolah Menengah dan Kejuruan di Kota Malang. Eduscience, 1(1), 37-47.

Syakur, A. (2018). Hubungan Kualitas Pelayanan Terhadap Kepuasan Mahasiswa dan Loyalitas Mahasiswa Ditinjau dari Model Pembelajaran di Akademi Farmasi Surabaya. Reformasi, 8(2), 100-108

Syakur, A. (2018). Using Cooperative Learning Strategies to Improve the Student’s Reading Comprehension. JURNAL EDUKASI: KAJIAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN., 4(1), 97-110.

Syakur, A. (2019). Application of E-Learning As a Method In Educational Model to Increase The TOEFL Score In Higher Education. Journal of Development Research, 3(2), 111-116.

Syakur, A., Musyarofah, L., Sulistiyaningsih, S., & Wike, W. (2020). The Effect of Project Based Learning (PjBL) Continuing Learning Innovation on Learning Outcomes of English in Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(1), 625-630.

Syakur, A., & Azis, R. (2020). Developing Reading Learning Model to Increase Reading Skill for Animal Husbandry Students in Higher Education. Britain International of Linguistics Arts and Education (BIoLAE) Journal, 2(1), 484-493.

Syakur, A., Zainuddin, H. M., & Hasan, M. A. (2020). Needs Analysis English For Specific Purposes (ESP) For Vocational Pharmacy Students. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(2), 724-733.

Syakur, A. (2020). The Effectiveness of English Learning Media through Google Classroom in Higher Education. Britain International of Linguistics Arts and Education (BIoLAE) Journal, 2(1), 475-483.

Syakur, A., Sugirin, S., Margana, M., Junining, E., & Sabat, Y. (2020). Improving English Language Speaking Skills Using “Absyak” On-Line Learning Model for Second Semester in Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(2), 684-694.

Syakur, A., & Panuju, R. (2020). Peran Strategis Public Relation dalam Pengembangan Reputasi Pendidikan Tinggi: Studi Kasus Promosi di Akademi Farmasi Surabaya. Briliant: Jurnal Riset dan Konseptual, 5(1), 128-136.

Syakur, A., Fanani, Z., & Ahmadi, R. (2020). The Effectiveness of Reading English Learning Process Based on Blended Learning through" Absyak" Website Media in Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(2), 763-772.

Syakur, A., Susilo, T. A. B., Wike, W., & Ahmadi, R. (2020). Sustainability of Communication, Organizational Culture, Cooperation, Trust and Leadership Style for Lecturer Commitments in Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(2), 1325-1335.

Syakur, A., Junining, E., & Mubarok, M. K. (2020). Developing English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Textbook for Pharmacy Students Using On-Line Learning in Higher Education. Britain International of Linguistics Arts and Education (BIoLAE) Journal, 2(1), 467-474.

Syakur, A., & Sabat, Y. (2020). The Effectiveness of Coopertative Learning (STAD and PBL type) on E-learning Sustainable Development in Higher Education. Journal of Development Research, 4(1), 53-61.

Syakur, A., Junining, E., & Sabat, Y. (2020). The Implementation of Project Based Learning (PBL) Model Towards the Result Student’s TOEFL in 7th semester of Brawijaya University. Journal of Development Research, 4(1), 41-46.

Syakur, A., Faradisy, R., & Surahman, F. (2020). Peningkatan Minat Belajar Bahasa Inggris di Akademi Kebidanan Graha Husada melalui Aplikasi Google Class Room pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Nusantara (JPPNu), 2(1), 88-95.

Syakur, A. (2020). Improving the Eighth Grade Students’ Listening Comprehension Achievement by using Dictation Techniques. Konfrontasi: Jurnal Kultural, Ekonomi dan Perubahan Sosial, 7(3), 205-216.

Usiskin, Zalman. “Van Hiele Levels and Achievement in Secondary School Geometry.” Chicago: University of Chicago, 1982.

Wu, Der-bang, and Hsiu-lan Ma. “A Study of the Geometric Concepts of Elementary School at Van Hiele Level One.” Proceedings of the 29th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education Melbourne: PME. 4 (2005): 329–36.

Yaniawati, R Poppy. “Using Mathematics Assessment Based on E-Learning to Improve Student’ Mathematical Power.” Proceedings of 18th Research World International Conference, Sydney, Australia, no. August (2016): 12–17.

Yasid, A., & Syakur, A. (2020). Refleksi Nilai-nilai Eksistensialisme pada Tokoh Nidah Kirani dalam Novel “Tuhan, Ijinkan Aku Menjadi Pelacur! Karya: Muhidin M. Dahlan. Briliant: Jurnal Riset dan Konseptual, 5(2), 264-272.

Published
13-02-2021
How to Cite
Rahayu, E. (2021). Problema Kesulitan Siswa Sekolah Dasar dalam Pembelajaran Geometri. At- Ta’lim : Jurnal Pendidikan, 7(1), 46-54. https://doi.org/10.36835/attalim.v7i1.524
Section
Articles
Abstract views: 92 , pdf downloads: 80